Social Model of Disability

The social model of disability incorporates and acknowledges the underlying medical element of impairment as described in the previous post, though it also ‘emphasises that society is the principal disabling force, marginalising impaired people socially, economically and politically’ (i).

The social model asserts that the extent to which people with disabilities (PwD) are actually ‘disabled’ is largely determined by the environment and society in which they live as opposed to solely being determined by the individual’s impairment(s) (ii).

 

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Individual Model of Disability

The individual model focuses on the medical definition of disability and describes a person as having a disability ‘if he has a physical or mental impairment which has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on his ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities’ (i).

Defined as such, disability is cast as a ‘personal tragedy, where the person with an impairment has a health or social problem that must be prevented, treated or cured’  (ii).

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Disability Defined…

Disability, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO), is …an umbrella term for impairments, activity limitations and participation restrictions. Disability is the interaction between individuals with a health condition (e.g. cerebral palsy, Down syndrome and depression) and personal and environmental factors (e.g. negative attitudes, inaccessible transportation and public buildings, and limited social supports).

Within the UK, under the Equality Act 2010 a person is disabled  if they …have a physical or mental impairment that has a ‘substantial’ and ‘long-term’ negative effect on their ability to do normal daily activities.

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Punk band with Learning Disabilities to represent Finland at Eurovision

PKN, a band whose members have autism and Down’s Syndrome, have been picked by the Finnish public to represent the country at the Eurovision Song Contest. It is a move that could change how people with learning difficulties are seen forever.

The four-piece will be performing at the final in Vienna in May and are third-favourite to win the competition. They will be the first punk band to ever perform at the competition.

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Revealed: The London attractions with best access for disabled people

The Minister for Disabled People has warned London visitor attractions they are “missing a trick” if they fail to cash in on the “Purple Pound” spent by disabled people.

Britons with disabilities and their families have £200 billion worth of spending power that London’s galleries, theatres and parks should be bidding for, said Mark Harper, the Minister for Disabled People.

For the first time, Visit England have drawn up a list of London’s best tourist attractions for accessibility, headed by the National Theatre, St Martin-in-theFields church, and the Science Museum.

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Companies vow to act on BBC disabled access exposé

Some of the UK’s biggest firms have begun urgent improvement schemes after a BBC London investigation exposed failures to serve disabled people.

A blind person and a wheelchair user wore secret cameras to document cafes without ramps, missing station staff and minicabs that refused guide dogs.

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Disabled man races Tube train in his wheelchair – and almost wins…

A wheelchair user has raced a Tube train in a parody video to highlight problems disabled people face on the London underground.

Several runners have released clips of themselves ‘racing’ a train from Mansion House to Cannon Street on foot. Now, wheelchair-bound Anthony Ince, 43, has attempted the same 380m sprint.

He manages to come close to completing the route in just 80 seconds… Continue reading Disabled man races Tube train in his wheelchair – and almost wins…

Technology helps visually impaired navigate the Tube

The desire of a group of visually impaired young people to travel independently on the London Underground, rather than rely on friends, has contributed to the development of a ground-breaking app which they can use to guide them.

The technology using Bluetooth beacons is being tested by Transport for London (TfL).

It designer says it could eventually be used in busy rail stations and airports around the country.

Members of the Youth Forum of the Royal London Society for Blind People (RLSB) said they wanted to navigate the tube system independently.

“Its given me the chance to be independent and be really free”

Lauren Richardson, Royal London Society for Blind People

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